Scientists have devised a codon that could help us understand how life forms in the oceans form.
They have used the codon to show that many living things in the ocean have a common ancestor, suggesting that organisms that evolve by changing their genetic code are more similar to each other than is previously thought.
Codon theory has been used to explain how life was first discovered, and could help explain how organisms that evolved by changing genetic code become more similar, scientists say.
The research, reported in the journal Nature, shows that life on Earth has an evolutionary history, similar to the way a river changes direction by changing its currents.
“When we first discover life on earth, we’re looking at a river changing direction because of the changing climate, or a mountain being moved,” said senior author Paul Dettmer, a researcher at the University of Arizona.
“In our research, we’ve shown that, by looking at the codons in the DNA of the living organisms, we can determine how they evolve.
We’re finding a way to see the evolution of organisms in the water.”
Researchers discovered that some living things on Earth have two distinct codons, which means that life forms can have different evolutionary paths.
These are called tandem codons.
For example, a bacterium that uses enzymes to produce sugars that can be used by other organisms can use one codon and not the other.
The researchers have now found that many different organisms have two codons which allow them to be found in different parts of the ocean.
“These codons are more like the rivers on Earth.
They have two different currents,” Dettmers said.”
The first one goes through the mountains, the second goes through oceans.”
Scientists have already discovered a new species of bacteria called Bacteroidetes that uses two codon pairs to build a symbiotic relationship with algae.
Dettmer and his colleagues have also discovered how organisms can form symbiotic relationships in the wild.
These two codones, like the first, are also the codones that are most frequently found in marine organisms.
The codons can be found more commonly in marine algae and bacteria than in terrestrial organisms.
Scientists have been trying to figure out why these codons exist.
They are also looking at other organisms that have two similar codons that are different.
They think this may be the reason why these organisms are able to form symbiosis with each other, which could explain how they evolved.
“They are very similar to their environment, but they also have different environments in terms of temperature, pressure, light, and so on,” Dittmer said.
The new codons have already been found in other organisms, but it was not until Detters and his team discovered the codone pattern in marine life that the idea became more widely known.
“This is very exciting because the first time we’ve seen it, it was a little bit surprising,” said Dettgers.
The scientists believe that the codoning pattern has an important role in the evolution and maintenance of life in the sea.
“We can look at the evolution in marine ecosystems and see how the codonedes work.
We can look for a lot of these codonede structures in the environment and then try to predict the evolution, which may be really helpful in understanding what is happening in the biological world,” Dottmer said.”
We’re looking for similarities, and we’re using codones as the tools to make that prediction,” he added.
This article is from the archive of our partner The Wire.